Most books on the philosophy of religion try to begin with a precise denition of what its essence consists of. A Study in Human Nature. William James. The Varieties of Religious Experience: A Study in Human Nature is a book by the Harvard psychologist and philosopher William James comprising 20 lectures given at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland.These lectures concerned the nature of religion and the neglect of science, in James' view, in the academic study of religion. Men's religions need not be identical, 487. Notes from Marc Fonda - Part 1 and Part 2. Hearing in this sense means more than an audible voice but also the communication of knowledge and is often one aspect of the religious experience – it could also be a mystical experience It does not have to be a literal, audible voice, it could be, as some Christians refer to it as the ‘still small voice’ of the Holy Spirit which speaks in the mind of the believer Originally delivered as a series of the renowned Gifford lectures, the chapters of the Varieties examine the lives of more than two hundred believers who had known profound religious transformation. eNotes plot summaries cover all the significant action of The Varieties of Religious Experience. 1: This is a study of the psychology of original religious experiences, not religious institutions. Critics of the term "religious experience" note that the notion of "religious experience" or "mystical experience" as marking insight into religious truth is a modern development, and contemporary researchers of mysticism note that mystical experiences are shaped by the concepts "which the mystic brings to, and which shape, his experience". Full text of The Varieties of Religious Experience, from Google Book Search. Conclusions . Religious Variety In John Updike’s short story “Varieties of Religious Experience”, he illustrates four different perspectives on the day of the 9/11 attacks and allows for the readers to understand the minds of multiple people on a day that will forever be remembered in American history. Paul's conversion was unusual in a number of ways. William James: The Varieties of Religious Experience (1902) Summary. William James (1842-1910)- an academic, pragmatist and theologian he believed that religious experience was at the heart of religion. He provides the 4 criteria for religious experience and rests his conclusion on 3 key principles: empiricism, pragmatism and pluralism 3 • Richard Swinburne talks of there being five different types of religious experience. Back to Table of Contents for The Varieties of Religious Experience The Varieties of Religious Experience (1901) is a lecture series that American philosopher and psychologist William James offered at the University of Edinburgh in 1901-1902. • The first two are within the 'public' realm, and the next three within the 'private'. The Varieties of Religious Experience: A Study in Human Nature (1902) William James The Varieties of Religious Experience was first presented as a series of lectures at the University of Edinburgh in 1901.To prepare for the talks, Harvard psychologist William James had read widely in the religious classics, including the personal accounts of various saints and mystics. Complete summary of William James' The Varieties of Religious Experience. Religious practice (rituals and dogmas) were necessary to protect people from the awesome power of such a direct experience of the numinous. The Varieties Of Religious Experience, By William James . The Varieties of Religious Experience. The Varieties of Religious Experience "The highest flights of charity, devotion, trust, patience, bravery to which the wings of human nature have spread themselves have been flown for religious ideals." 5. Commentary on the Varieties, by Carol Zaleski, Smith College. 1917 The purpose of Lord Gifford's bequest to the universities of Edinburgh, Glasgow, St. Andrews and Aberdeen was to sponsor lectures to “promote and diffuse the study of Natural Theology in the widest sense of the term—in other words, the knowledge of God”. The Varieties of Religious Experience by William James [1902] Contents Start Reading Page Index Text [Zipped] In all ... William James, one of the founders of modern psychology, delivered the Gifford lecture in Edinburgh for 1901-2 at a high point in his career. Lecture 2: Circumscription of the Topic Jung had something to say about the irrationality of religion. Mysticism Defined by William James : America's great psychologist, William James provided a description of the mystical experience in his famous collection of lectures published in 1902 as The Varieties of Religious Experience. William James: The Varieties of Religious Experience (1902) Summary. William James “Lecture 2: Circumscription of the Topic,” from The Varieties of Religious Experience: A Study in Human Nature. Public 1. Being the Gifford Lectures on Natural Religion Delivered at Edinburgh in 1901-1902. William James - Varieties of Religious Experience (In progress) The Varieties of Religious Experience is a set of twenty lectures on religious experience from a psychological perspective. Introduction: the course is not anthropological, but deals with personal documents, 1.Questions of fact and questions of value, 4.In point of fact, the religious are often neurotic, 6.Criticism of medical materialism, which condemns religion on that account, 10.Theory that religion has a sexual origin refuted, 11.All states of mind are neurally conditioned, 14. The Varieties of Religious Experience (1902) ... LECTURE III The Reality of the ... Summary of religious characteristics, 485. Few other works have so quickly become canon for both psychology and philosophy, and the text was crucial to James’s developing Pragmatism, America’s sole contribution to formal philosophy. Paul's famous Christophany was a conversion experience. James’s interest in the inner lives of others, and in writers like Tolstoy who share his understanding of their “mysterious ebbs and flows” (TT 255), leads him to the prolonged study of human religious experience that he presented as the Gifford Lectures in 1901–2, published as The Varieties of Religious Experience in 1902. Lecture Summaries, by John Durhan. Lecture 3: The Reality of the Unseen In these lectures, James explores the phenomenon of religion from a psychological perspective. The quality of the method used is a bit suspect, but my understanding is that it was one of the first pyschological surveys of religion, and so could perhaps be forgiven of a few flaws. THE material of our study of human nature is now spread before us; and in this parting hour, set free from the duty of description, we can draw our theoretical and practical conclusions. Varieties Of Religious Experience By John Updike 1474 Words | 6 Pages. “Religious experience” was not widely used as a technical term prior to the publication of The Varieties of Religious Experience (1902) by William James, an eminent American psychologist and philosopher, but the interpretation of religious concepts and doctrines in terms of individual experience reaches back at least to 16th-century Spanish mystics and to the age of the Protestant reformers. William James was a philosopher and psychologist from New York City. The aim here is to summarise the work generally, highlighting ideas of particular interest. You see 'God's action' in a public object or scene. The Types of Religious Experience . Lecture XX . By. O ne of the many spiritual confessions that William James records in The Varieties of Religious Experience stands out. The prestigious Gifford Lectureships were established by Adam Lord Gifford (1820–1887), a senator of the College of Justice in Scotland. Varieties Of Religious Experience By John Updike 1474 Words 6 Pages Religious Variety In John Updike’s short story “Varieties of Religious Experience”, he illustrates four different perspectives on the day of the 9/11 attacks and allows for the readers to understand the minds of multiple people on a day that will forever be remembered in American history. Secondly, although Paul's conversion was sudden, it was an intellectual conversion as well as a moral/social one. Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss 'The Varieties of Religious Experience' by William James. The aim here is to summarise the work generally, highlighting ideas of particular interest. Religious experience was NUMINOUS (direct contact with the divine) which revealed itself through dreams and visions. 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